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Philosophy 2222E

St. Peter’s Seminary, Room 110

INSTRUCTOR:  Dr. Michael T. Fox, BA, MA, PhD
519 - 432-1824, ext. 256

Office Hours are at St. Peter’s Seminary, Room 107B. I have set aside Monday/Wednesday 10-11 a.m. and Thursday 1-2 p.m. as my office hours, but feel free to drop by my office at any time to discuss your insights and questions in philosophy.


A study of some of the central concepts in Aristotle’s logic. Special emphasis is placed on deductive and inductive forms of reasoning, as well as argumentation materially considered, namely, demonstration, dialectics, rhetorical argumentation and poetic argumentation. In addition, a study of sophistical reasoning is made. Antirequisite(s): Philosophy 2022 or the former Philosophy 205E. 


This course will assist students to grow in the following knowledge, skills and attitudes.

What Should Students Know:

- To understand the nature and role of the art of logic.
- To understand the three acts of the intellect: definition, proposition and argumentation.
- To understand the various kinds of fallacious reasoning. 
What Should Students Do:

- To read carefully the assigned readings.
- To follow carefully the classroom lectures.
- To show in class discussions and written work a firm grasp of the assigned readings and classroom lectures.
- To develop a position on the assigned readings and classroom lectures.
- To present in class discussions and written work sound arguments for their position.
- To show in classroom discussions and written work a firm grasp of the art of logic.
- To be able to write in clear, concise and grammatically correct English.

What Students Should Value:

- To participate in discussions in a way that makes clear their positions, enables them to listen openly, and maintains respect for others while disagreeing with their ideas.


First Semester

Two Exams
(1) Thursday, October 13
(2) Thursday, November 17

One Essay (2,500 words)
- due Tuesday, October 25

Second Semester

Two Exams
(1) Thursday, January 26
(2) Thursday, March 8

One Essay (2,500 words)
- due Tuesday, March 13

Final Exam: Held on a date in April to be set by the University

Allotment of Marks

Four Exams 35%
Two Essays 35%
Final Exam 30%


Oesterle, John. Logic: The Art of Defining and Reasoning. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1963.

Gula, Robert J. Nonsense. Mount Jackson, Virginia: Axios Press, 2007.

Plato. Protagoras and Meno. Translated by W.K.C. Guthrie. New York: Penguin Classics, 2005.

These paperback books may be purchased at the U.W.O. Book Store. You may be able to purchase copies at the Used Book Store at Western.

Selected readings in philosophy may be assigned for certain course sections in addition to the readings from Oesterle, Gula and Plato.

Course Outline (2011-2012)

1. What is Logic?


2. What is an Argument?


3. The First Act of the Intellect: Simple Apprehension

Topics: signs; predicables; categories; division; definition


4. The Second Act of the Intellect: Composition and Division

Topics: the proposition; kinds of proposition; supposition; opposition of propositions; obversion of propositions; conversion of propositions; compound propositions


5. The Third Act of the Intellect: Reasoning

Topics: argumentation; the syllogism; rules of syllogism; reduction of syllogisms to the first figure; compound syllogisms; abbreviated and expanded syllogisms; induction; argumentation materially considered


6. What is Fallacious Reasoning?



Careful consideration will be given to your ability to write in a coherent and sustained manner. Make sure each essay is clearly written, employs proper grammar, spelling, and punctuation, and provides support for any assertions made. Clarity, consistency, and persuasiveness are the criteria used in my evaluation of your essays. ON THE FIRST DAY OF CLASSES, A PRESENTATION WILL BE GIVEN ON HOW TO WRITE AN ESSAY.

Essays should be handed to Dr. Fox on the due date at the beginning of class. For a serious reason, a student may approach Dr. Fox before the due date, and may be granted an extension at the discretion of Dr. Fox. If Dr. Fox decides that documentation is required for either medical or non-medical academic accommodation, then such documentation must be submitted by the student directly to the appropriate Faculty Dean’s Office. It will be the Dean’s Office that will determine if accommodation is warranted.

Never submit your essays by campus mail. Never submit your essays by e-mail. You should make a photocopy of your essays. Essays that are late without permission will be penalized 10% each calendar day. PLEASE NOTE: ESSAYS ARE RECORDED AS HAVING BEEN RECEIVED ON THE DAY THEY REACH DR. FOX’S HANDS.


Exams are based on assigned readings, classroom lectures and classroom discussions. It is, therefore, indispensable to attend all classes.

A student who misses an exam for a serious reason may approach Dr. Fox, and may be granted a make-up exam or a re-weighting of the term grade at Dr. Fox’s discretion. If Dr. Fox decides that documentation is required for either medical or non-medical academic accommodation, then such documentation must be submitted by the student directly to the appropriate Faculty Dean’s Office. It will be the Dean’s Office that will determine if accommodation is warranted.

No electronic devices will be allowed during examinations, unless approved in advance by the student Services at the University of King’s.


Please see:


“Unless you have either the requisites for this course or written special permission from your Dean to enroll in it, you will be removed from this course and it will be deleted from your record. This decision may not be appealed. You will receive no adjustment to your fees in the event that you are dropped from a course for failing to have the necessary prerequisites.” Senate Policy


“Students must write their essays and assignments in their own words. Whenever students take an idea, or a passage from another author, they must acknowledge their debt both by using quotation marks where appropriate and by proper referencing such as footnotes or citations. Plagiarism is a major academic offence.” Please refer to Scholastic Discipline under the Senate Policy on Academic rights and Responsibilities at

“All required papers may be subject to submission for textual similarity review to the commercial plagiarism detection software under license to the University for the detection of plagiarism. All papers submitted will be included as source documents in the reference database for the purpose of detecting plagiarism of papers subsequently submitted to the system. Use of the service is subject to the licensing agreement, currently between The University of Western Ontario and (link to website:”