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How to Recognize and Avoid Plagiarism
You would be plagiarizing in any one of the following three basic instances:
- If you fail to enclose quoted material within quotation marks.
- If you do not cite the source of a direct quotation in the text of the paper and/or on the Works Cited or Reference page, or if you do not identify the correct source of a quotation.
- If you include paraphrased or summarized information (that is not “common knowledge”) but do not openly acknowledge its source within the Works Cited list.
To avoid plagiarism you must:
- Always put quotation marks around any direct statement from someone else’s work (or indent and single-space extended quotations). Always give a footnote, endnote or other form of citation for this quotation.
- Cite any paraphrase of another writer’s ideas or statements.
- Cite any thoughts derived from a specific source in your reading.
- Cite any material, ideas, thoughts, etc., gained from your reading that can’t be described as common knowledge.
- Cite and summary (even if in your own words) of a discussion from one of your sources.
- Cite any charts, graphs, tables, etc., made by others or any you make using the material of others.
For more information see The Owl at Purdue: Avoiding Plagiarism. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/589/02/